TODAY IN KENTUCKY HISTORY

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On October 10, 1773, James Boone died in the Boone Massacre in what is now Lee County.  Native Americans killed Daniel Boone’s eldest son and five others in their camp of eight settlers en route to Kentucky.  Separated from Daniel Boone’s leading party, the men had set up camp near Wallen’s Creek.  At dawn, the Indians attacked and killed James Boone, Henry Russell, John and Richard Mendenhall (brothers), a youth whose last name was Drake, and Charles (one of two slaves in the party).  Isaac Crabtree and Adam, a slave, escaped.  The massacre prompted Boone and his party to abandon their first attempt to settle Kentucky and return to NC.

Localtonians wishes a Happy Anniversary to Henry Clay, Jr. and Julia Prather, who wed in 1832.  The couple had five children.  Their daughter Anne Brown Clay (1837–1917) married Major Henry Clay McDowell (1832–1899).  In 1883, they purchased her grandfather’s Ashland estate from other heirs.  Their son, Thomas Clay McDowell, was a horseman who breed, owned, and trained. He won the 1902 Kentucky Derby with Alan-a-Dale.

October 10, 1849, abolitionist Patrick Doyle was sentenced to 20 years hard labor in a Lexington courtroom for enticing away slaves.  

Localtonians wishes a Happy Birthday to Kentucky’s 33rd Governor William Sylvester Taylor, born in 1853.  Governor Taylor was born in a log cabin on the Green River, about five miles from Morgantown, Butler County.  He was the original winner of the disputed gubernatorial election of 1899.  Still, the Kentucky General Assembly, dominated by the democrats, reversed the election results, giving his democratic opponent, William Goebel, the governorship.  Thus, Taylor served only 50 days.

Localtonians wishes a Happy Anniversary to Governor William J. Fields and Dora McDavid Fields, who wed in 1893.  “Honest Bill from Olive Hill” was our 41st Governor from 1923-27.  The governor was born in Willard and moved to Olive Hill, both in Carter County.

On October 10, 1899, the Independent Negro League of Kentucky organized, representing all African-Americans who opposed the state’s republican administration.  One reason for supporting democratic candidate Goebel was because he supported the Separate Coach Law.  Goebel proposed a first-class coach for black women to no longer have to ride in the rear of smoke cars, and a second-class coach for any black men who would pay.  After the meeting, they agreed that republican candidate Taylor would do nothing as governor to improve the conditions of “Jim Crow Cars” in Kentucky.

October 10, 1903 Kentucky State College defeated Berea College 17-0 on their way to a 7-1 season losing to their rivalry, Kentucky University, in the last game of the season.

October 10, 1916, Deputy Sheriff Lem Nolan, Perry County Sheriff’s Office, was shot and killed near the mouth of Buffalo Creek, near Hazard, while attempting to arrest two men for illegal shooting.  One of the men opened fire on Deputy Nolan, mortally wounding him.  Despite his wounds, Deputy Nolan returned fire and wounded the man.

On October 10, 1934, Alice Speed Stoll was struck in the back of a head with a lead pipe and led from her home at gunpoint.  Alice, 26, married the wealthy, young Louisville oil executive Berry Stoll whose family’s wealth came from oil refineries and gas stations across Kentucky.  Alice was the niece of a former ambassador to Germany and her grandfather was Breckenridge (J.B.) Speed, a successful businessman.  Alice Speed Stoll died in 1996, leaving behind a $156 million estate.

Kentucky Trivia:  The Speed Art Museum was founded by Hattie Bishop Speed as a memorial to her husband, James Breckinridge Speed, in 1925.  In 1927, she served as the first president and director of the museum, when it opened.

On October 10, 1938, explorers found a vast new underground section of Mammoth Cave National Park.  “The abundance of the various forms of gypsum,” the report continues, “is the outstanding mineral feature in the newly-discovered section.  These deposits are certainly far superior to any previously found in this or any other cave in this area, and I believe they will prove to be the best display in the entire US.”

October 10, 1939, A.B. “Happy” Chandler became Kentucky’s 31st Class II Senator by appointment.  He would win two elections and stay seated until becoming baseball commissioner in 1945.

October 10, 1943, Chief of Police James W. Smith, Falmouth Police Department, was shot and killed while responding to a domestic disturbance call on Park Street.  When he arrived at the scene he confronted a male subject who was armed with a 12-gauge and as he attempted to talk the man into putting the gun down he was shot in the chest and killed instantly.

October 10, 1945, President Harry S. Truman dedicated the $115,000,000 Kentucky Dam at Gilbertsville and pushed for more projects like “this T.V.A. dam” during his speech.  It was the President’s third visit to Paducah in 27 days.  On this visit, thousands lined the streets from the airport to the dam.

October 10, 1951, Army PFC Harold K. Norfleet from Pulaski County dies fighting in the Korean War.

October 10, 1953, in Bear Bryant’s last year as head coach, an unranked Kentucky football team ties the 14th ranked LSU Tigers on the road 6-6.  The Wildcats finished the season 7-2-1. 

October 10, 1966, Marine Corps PFC Lawrence E. Clark from Amba in Floyd County died fighting in the Vietnam War.

October 10, 1968, Air Force TSGT Emmett S. Orr from Ashland in Boyd County dies fighting in the Vietnam War.

October 10, 1992, the GI $850,000 Jockey Club Gold Cup (G1) at Belmont Park attracts a top class field.  A.P. Indy stumbles out of the gate.

October 10, 1997, Dr. Bill Collins leaves prison for extorting money from state contractors and disguising kickbacks as political contributions.  Martha Layne Collins was in the courtroom when he was sentenced and was waiting for him when released.

October 10, 2003, Kentucky’s 51st Governor Ned Breathitt from 1963-67, collapsed while making a speech at Lexington Community College.  He was admitted to the UK Hospital, but remained comatose after the collapse and died four days later.  His final resting place is his hometown of Hopkinsville.  His major accomplishment as Governor was the passage of the Kentucky Civil Rights Act, the first desegregation law passed by a southern state.

October 10, 2010, The KFC Yum! Center, Louisville’s $238 million downtown arena opened.  “Miracles do happen,” Kentucky Gov. Steve Beshear told the gathered dignitaries.  The 14,000-square-foot lobby, “Host Hall,” is named for Jim Host.

October 10, 2010, the Alltech FEI World Equestrian Games at the Kentucky Horse Park ended after 16 days.  Jane Beshear, competitor and organizer, claimed the event to be successful beyond her wildest dreams.  

October 10, 2020, the GI $250,000 Jockey Club Gold Cup drops their purse by $500,000.  A Kentucky bred takes first prize.