TODAY IN KENTUCKY HISTORY

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January 1, 1795, John Bradford, John Breckinridge, Dr. Frederick Ridgely and several other gentlemen “Resolve to organize a library called Transylvania Library.”  Almost a year passed before books were placed in the Transylvania Seminary Building.”
The Squire’ Sketches of Lexington by J. Winston Coleman, Jr.; pg: 23

January 1, 1863, President Lincoln issued the second and final Emancipation Proclamation, which declared “that all persons held as slaves within the rebel states are, and henceforward shall be free.”  The proclamation also called for the recruitment and establishment of colored military units for the Union forces.

January 1, 1896, Lexington native James Hilary Mulligan resigned his post as Consul-General to Samoa; that President Cleveland appointed him to.  Cleveland wanted him as Consul-General to Cape Town, Africa, but he declined.  James accepted a position with the treasury department.

January 1, 1900, when Republican Governor Taylor took office, the first act of the Attorney General, Clifton J. Pratt, was to file suit in the name of the Commonwealth against the Democratic-controlled Election Board Committee.  The historic fight for the governor’s mansion was underway.

On January 1, 1900, the Mamre Baptist College opened its doors in Clay County with 100 boys, girls, men, and women with three teachers.  Classes ranged from grades one through eight.  Tuition was $1 a month.  Only a few could pay cash; others brought farm animals, produce, or coal dug on the family farm.

On January 1, 1902, Nathan Stubblefield demonstrated his wireless telephone, assisted by his 14-year-old son Bernard.  Hundreds of people attended in Murray, which attracted national attention.

January 1, 1918, U.S. Coal and Coke Company completed their railroad to Lynch.  Construction of the town and railroad began less than a half year earlier.   The new town already had 1,500 men on the payroll.

January 1, 1924, Simpson County native Emma Guy Cromwell became Secretary of State in Governor W.J. Fields administration.  Cromwell became the first woman to hold a statewide office in Kentucky when she was elected state librarian, in 1896, by a senate vote.  Her remarkable career continued as State Treasurer, State Park Director, State Bond Commissioner, and Director of Archives.

January 1, 1951, Bear Bryant’s #7 Wildcats beat #1 Sooners, 13-7, in the 17th Sugar Bowl.  Tulane hosted 82,000 in one of the biggest upsets in college football.  Oklahoma’s regular-season record was 10-0; Kentucky’s was 10-1.  Oklahoma averaged 34.5 points per game and entered the game with a 31-game winning streak.  Only one team had scored more than twice in a game against Kentucky that season.  The MVP was UK’s defensive tackle, Walt Yowarsky who recovered a fumble on the Oklahoma 22-yard line, leading to Kentucky’s first score.  He had played less than five minutes on defense during the regular season.

January 1, 1951, Army CPL John Payne from Henry County died in the Korean War.

January 1, 1952, Bear Bryant’s #15 Wildcats conquers #11 Texas Christian, 20-7, before 75,349, in the 16th Cotton Bowl in Dallas.  Kentucky’s Emery Clark, Babe Parilli, and Ray Correll were named the MVPs of the game.

January 1, 1953, Marine Corps SSGT George E. Waggoner from Louisville and Marine Corps CPL Claud A. Yelton from Dry Ridge in Grant County both died in the Korean War.

January 1, 1957, Louisville defeated Drake in the Sun Bowl 34-20, played in El Paso.  It was Coach Frank Camp’s 12th season and this team compiled a 9–1 record.  The Cardinals played their home games at Fairgrounds Stadium.

January 1, 1967, Army PFC Larry A. Bullock from Somerset died in the Vietnam War.

January 1, 1968, Army SP4 Robert L. Campbell from Lancaster died in the Vietnam War.

January 1, 1969, Army SSG James M. Hall from Benton in Marshall County died in the Vietnam War.

January 1, 1970, Army SGT Kenneth W. Todd from Brodhead in Rockcastle County died in the Vietnam War.

January 1, 1971, Army LTC Eugene I. Smith from Louisville died in the Vietnam War.

On January 1, 1975, Kentucky legislatures struck this law from the books: “No female shall appear in a bathing suit on any highway within this state unless at least two officers escort her or unless she is armed with a club.”

January 1, 1980, the federal minimum wage increased for Americans, including 87,300 Kentuckians, from $3.10 to $3.35 an hour.

January 1, 1991, #18 Louisville defeated #25 Alabama in the Fiesta Bowl 34-7 in Tempe. The Cardinals finished the season 10-1-1, the first 10-win season in school history.  Weeks earlier, Arizona voters rejected Martin Luther King Day as a paid holiday, and many organizations wanted to move the game.

January 1, 1995, Denny Crum’s Cardinals defeat Pitino’s #5 Wildcats in Freedom Hall by two points, 88-86.  UofL set a team blocking record with 17 (versus 3 for the Cats), and allowed Samaki Walker a triple double with 23 points, 10 rebounds, and 11 blocked shots.

January 1, 1999, Kentucky lost to #22 Penn State in the Tampa Bay Outback Bowl 14-26.

January 1, 2006, in a game versus the Green Bay Packers, Florence native Shaun Alexander set the single-season touchdown record at 28.  Alexander also won his first NFL rushing title with 1,880 rushing yards while leading the NFC for the second consecutive year.

January 1, 2006, Army SGT Jason L. Bishop, 31, of Williamstown was killed when an explosive device detonated near his humvee during patrol operations in Iraq during Operation Iraqi Freedom.

January 1, 2010, U.S. mine deaths hit a record low of 34 for 2009, a decrease for the second straight year.  However, Kentucky led the nation with seven deaths; six in coal mines and one in a limestone quarry.

January 1, 2010, 2009 was the first year in more than a century that no law enforcement officer in Kentucky was killed in the line of duty.

January 1, 2010, a unique exhibit of artifacts focused on Abraham Lincoln’s death began at the National Museum of Health & Medicine on the Walter Reed Medical Center Campus.  One item was the fatal bullet that struck the Kentucky native in Ford’s Theater.

January 1, 2013, the Louisville airport’s average temperature in 2012 was 61 degrees, making it the hottest year in Louisville history.  The previous record was 60.5 degrees set in 2007.  The hottest day was a steaming 106 degrees on July 7.

January 1, 2015, Governor S. Beshear proclaimed 2015 the Year of the Women Veteran in Kentucky.  There were 33,000 women veterans in the Commonwealth in 2015.

January 1, 2015, Stephanie Mayfield Gibson, Commissioner of the Kentucky Department for Public Health, spoke out against her concern for the youth gravitating towards e-cigarettes.  In 2011 approximately 79,000 youngsters tried vaping; in 2013, it jumped to 213,000.  Many claim it is the lesser of two evils.

January 1, 2019, the wettest year for Lexington was 2018; such records began to be kept in 1872.  When the city hit 66.97 inches in early December, it broke the 2001 record.  New Year’s Eve ended the year with a tad over 71 inches.

January 1, 2019, #16 Kentucky Wildcats defeated #13 Penn State in the Citrus Bowl, 27-24.  Benny Snell became UK’s career rushing leader on his 12-yard TD run late in the third quarter by breaking Sonny Collins’ record of 3,835 yards from 1972-75.  The 16th ranked Wildcats ended their best season in more than four decades on a winning note and Coach Stoops gets his 1st Kentucky Bowl win in his 3rd try.

January 1, 2020, David Gibbs becomes Yum! Brands newest CEO.  In March, David funded, from his salary, a one-time $1,000 bonus to the company’s nearly 1,200 restaurant general managers.  For 2020 he earned $14.6 million.  Currently, there are approximately 34,000 employees; the median pay for nonexecutives is $11,584, and their 2019 revenue was $5.597 billion. Yum! Brands has one of the worst CEO to worker pay ratios in the country.

January 1, 2020, Matt Bevin signed Senate Bill 100, which handed over more power to electric companies.   This law enabled the monopolies to determine what they wanted to pay their solar customers.  Old customers were grandfathered into the better rate the government set.

January 1, 2021, a Kentucky bred and Keeneland graduate wins Santa Anita’s Grade II $200,100 Joe Hernandez Stakes and sets a new track record.