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December 10, 1861, Confederate Kentucky was admitted into the Confederate States of America. After 1863 the Confederate government existed only on paper, and it was disbanded when the Civil War ended in 1865.
December 10, 1895, William O’Connell Bradley was sworn in as Kentucky’s first Republican Governor. In his first legislative session, he wanted to ban the manufacture of cigarettes, outlaw concealed weapons and ban gambling at racetracks and church fairs. Bradley did advance the cause of blacks with his power of pardon and signing an anti-lynching bill. The Republican/Democrat relationship, or lack thereof, was born during his administration. Their pettiness reached new heights when the Governor’s mansion burned while waiting for lawmakers to allocate funds to make needed repairs. One legislative session ended when the militia rode into Frankfort after the senate failed to elect a U.S. Senator. The father of the Republican Party in Kentucky died while serving as a U.S. Senator in Washington D.C.
December 10, 1905, Deputy Sheriff Ulysses Grant Holliday, Breathitt County Sheriff’s Office, was shot and killed as he attempted to serve a warrant on two brothers. He and two deputized civilians located the brothers outside of the Jackson city limits and informed them they were under arrest. The two suspects approached the deputies in a threatening manner and Deputy Holliday raised his shotgun in defense. One of the brothers and Deputy Holliday exchanged shots, and Deputy Holliday was fatally wounded.
December 10, 1907, Augustus E. Willson became the 36th Governor of Kentucky. A republican in a democratic state he had many enemies, especially after pardoning several individuals related to the assassination of Governor Gobel.
December 10, 1914, Special Deputy Marshal James Wood, Upton Police Department, Special Deputy Marshal James Wood was shot and killed while assisting the town marshal arrest a man wanted for robbery in Elizabethtown. The marshal had verbally deputized Deputy Marshal Wood to assist with arresting the man. The subject opened fire on them as they approached him at the Louisville & Nashville Railroad depot. Deputy Marshal Wood was shot and killed.
December 10, 1916, Chief of Police Guthrie Diuguid, Murray Police Department, was shot and killed after responding to a disturbance call. He was shot by one of three suspects he encountered on a city street and died of his wounds the following day. The subject who shot him fled the scene but was captured later by a railroad conductor in Paris, Tennessee.
December 10, 1921, Deputy Jailer Albert Roberts, Breathitt County Jail, was shot and killed as seven men attempted to break four men out of jail who had been sentenced to life after being convicted of murder. The jailer’s daughter was also shot and killed and his wife was seriously wounded. Four suspects were eventually apprehended and charged with murder. Three others were never apprehended.
December 10, 1922, Special Deputy David George Treadway, Menifee County Sheriff’s Office, was shot and killed while attempting to arrest the murderer of Federal Prohibition Agent Robert Duff the previous day. As the posse approached the spot where Agent Duff was killed the same suspect opened fire, killing Deputy Treadway. One week later a second posse attempted to arrest the men but was again met with gunfire in which Prohibition Agent Guy Cole was killed. One member of the gang was killed and six were arrested. Deputy Treadway was survived by his wife.
December 10, 1933, Lexington native Thomas Hunt Morgan (1866-1945) became the first Kentuckian to be awarded a Nobel Prize. Morgan distinguished himself as an evolutionary biologist, geneticist, and embryologist.
December 10, 1946, Patrolman Auldon LeGrande, Louisville Police Department, succumbed to injuries received two years earlier when he was involved in an motorcycle accident while on duty. He was on patrol when he collided with a car at Wenzel and Market Streets. He was transported to a local hospital where one of his legs was amputated. Patrolman LeGrande appeared to be recovering but suddenly turned for the worse and died as a result of his injuries.
December 10, 1963, Edward Thompson Breathitt Jr. became the 51st Governor of Kentucky. Breathitt defeated two-time former Governor Happy Chandler in the Democratic primary. It would be Happy’s last campaign.
December 10, 1976, University of Kentucky graduate William Lipscomb was awarded the Nobel Prize in Chemistry for his research in nuclear magnetic resonance, theoretical chemistry, boron chemistry, and biochemistry.
Tuesday, December 10, 2002, Deputy Jailer Howard E. “Buck” Callis, Trimble County Jail, succumbed to injuries sustained one week earlier when his transportation vehicle was struck by a tractor trailer on the Western Kentucky Parkway in Hopkins County. He and another jailer were en route to pick up a prisoner when their Crown Victoria started to slide sideways on the snow-covered road. A tractor trailer driving behind them was unable to stop and broadsided their vehicle.
December 10, 2016, Crittenden County native Shelby Hearon passed away. Shelby authored more than 15 novels, including Footprints, Life Estates, and Owning Jolene, which won an American Academy of Arts and Letters Literature Award. She received an Ingram Merrill Foundation grant as well as fellowships for fiction from the John Simon Guggenheim Foundation and the National Endowment for the Arts.