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November 5, 1768, the Treaty of Fort Stanwix was signed by Haudenosaunee and Great Britain. The treaty established a line of property following the Ohio River that ceded the Kentucky portion of the Colony of Virginia to the British, as well as most of what is now West Virginia.
November 5, 1788, President George Washington purchased 5,000 acres in Kentucky. The deed to the land began on the south side of Rough Creek, with all five thousand acres located within Grayson County. George Washington regarded the land as more valuable than what he paid for it because of the abundance of iron ore. It was purchased for “600 pounds in current money of Virginia.” Unfortunately, Washington died in 1799, before he could visit Kentucky.
November 5, 1788, Mason County is approved by Virginia. The new county was created from Bourbon County. Bourbon County was the first county, that was not the original three, to be divided for a new county. Mason was named in honor of George Mason, statesman known as the “Father of the Bill of Rights.” Maysville is the county seat. Other localities include: Dover, Germantown, Maysville, Sardis, Mays Lick, Fernleaf, Helena, Lewisburg, Minerva, Orangeburg, Shannon, Somo and Weedonia. Mason County covers 246 square miles and was the 8th county created.
November 5, 1897, Patrolman John T. O’Brien, Louisville Police Department, was shot and killed while investigating a disturbance on Marshall Street, between Hancock Street and Clay Street. Four drunken men had started to chase another man who had been involved in an argument. One of the drunk men fell and Patrolman O’Brien, who was nearby, attempted to help him up. Another one of the men from the group saw Patrolman O’Brien helping the man and opened fire, wounding him in the abdomen. After falling to the ground Patrolman O’Brien returned fire and wounded the subject. The man was arrested a short time later and charged with murder. Two of the other men were also charged in connection with the shooting. The man who shot Patrolman O’Brien was convicted of murder and sentenced to three years in prison. Patrolman O’Brien was taken to a local hospital where he died two days later. Patrolman O’Brien had served with the Louisville Police Department for two years. He was survived by his mother and sister.
Localtonians wishes a Happy Birthday to Lexington native John Winston (“Squire”) Coleman, Jr., author and historian born in 1898. Coleman began researching, collecting, and writing Kentucky history in 1932 and became renowned for his work in state and local history, especially on the Bluegrass region. He wrote more than twenty books; the first, Masonry in the Bluegrass, was published in 1933. His better known works are Stage-coach Days in the Bluegrass (1935), Slavery Times in Kentucky (1940), A Bibliography of Kentucky History (1949), The Springs of Kentucky (1955), Historic Kentucky (1967), and Kentucky: A Pictorial History (1972). Coleman’s private collection on Kentucky history included approximately 3,500 books, pamphlets, manuscripts, maps, atlases, and more than two thousand photographs and negatives. Mr. Coleman donated most of his large collection of Kentuckiana to Transylvania University.
November 5, 1907, Officer Michael Murphy, Lexington Police Department, was shot and killed while attempting to arrest a man who was causing a disturbance at a polling place near High Street and Broadway on Election Day. The man, who was running for councilman, was screaming about election fraud as Officer Murphy attempted to arrest him. Another officer came to assist Officer Murphy, and at the same time the man’s son came to his father’s aid. It is unclear as to exactly what happened next, but a gunfight resulted as all four drew their pistols. Officer Murphy and the son were killed. The father and the other officer were severely wounded.
November 5, 1912, Constable Tomas “Tom” Campbell, Lee County Constable’s Office, was shot and killed while attempting to arrest a father and son who were wanted on a bench warrant. Both subjects had previously threatened Constable Campbell’s life if he attempted to arrest them. Constable Campbell encountered the men walking in the street on election day and, as he began to read the warrant to the son, the father approached and shot him multiple time, killing him. The father was arrested and subsequently convicted of murdering Constable Campbell and sentenced to life. Constable Campbell was survived by his wife.
November 5, 1917, the U.S. Supreme Court ruled on Kentucky’s Buchanan vs. Warley lawsuit. Buchanan was a white individual who sold a house to Warley, a black individual in Louisville. Louisville had an ordinance that prohibited blacks from living on a block where the majority of residents were white. Since 8 of 10 houses were occupied by whites, Warley was not allowed to live on the block. Buchanan sued Warley in Jefferson County Circuit Court to complete the sale. Warley cited the city ordinance as the reason for non-completion of the sale. Buchanan alleged that the ordinance violated the Due Process clause of the Fourteenth Amendment. The question went to the Kentucky Court of Appeals who said the ordinance was fair. The U.S. Supreme Court overruled the Kentucky Court of Appeals. The ordinance did indeed violate the Due Process clause of the Fourteenth Amendment.
November 5, 1931, Deputy James W. Hogue, of the McCreary County Sheriff’s Office, was shot and killed after making an arrest while raiding at liquor still with two other deputies. The man they arrested was granted permission to go into his home to obtain some tobacco. When Deputy Hogue escorted the man inside, the man’s son emerged from another room and opened fire with a shotgun, killing the deputy. The 18-year-old suspect was found guilty of murder and sentenced to 21 years in prison. Deputy Hogue had served with the agency for two years. He was a widower and was survived by his eight children. He was 41 years of age.
November 5, 1988, Churchill Downs and Kentucky held their first Breeders’ Cup World Championship. Racing fans witnessed some of the greatest performances in the sport’s history on this rainy day. Alysheba, who under dark skies won the $3 million Classic, (dubbed the “Midnight Classic”) to capture the Horse of the Year title. Trainer D. Wayne Lukas became the first trainer to win three Breeders’ Cup races on a single card and Julie Krone became the 1st women BC jockey, riding in three races. But the day’s most dramatic moment came in the $1 million Distaff. The undefeated Personal Ensign, appearing hopelessly beaten at the top of the stretch, somehow gathered herself and closed stoutly on Kentucky Derby winner Winning Colors and prevailed by a head. She was trained by Lexingtonian Shug McGaughey III and owned and bred by Ogden Phipps. For years, the 1988 Distaff would remain the signature moment of the Breeders’ Cup Championship.
November 5, 1991, Kentuckians elected Brereton Jones the 58th Governor of Kentucky over Republican nominee Larry Hopkins. Incumbent Governor Wallace Wilkinson was not eligible to seek a second term due to term limits. Jones received 540,468 votes to Hopkin’s 294,452 votes.
November 5, 2007, John Ferguson, representing Sheikh Mohammed bin Rashid al Maktoum, outlasted John Magnier and representatives of Coolmore to land English champion Playful Act (Ire) (Sadler’s Wells). When the dust had settled, the Keeneland toteboard read $10.5 million, demolishing the previous record of $9.4 million for a broodmare achieved by Magical Romance at the 2006 Tattersalls December sale.
Friday, November 5, 2010, the 27th Breeders’ Cup in Louisville was jolted by Shared Account, at 46-1, denying Midday a repeat in the Filly and Mare Turf. Fans enjoyed six races on Friday, capped off by the Ladies Classic and eight races the following day.
Saturday, November 5, 2011, the title of Horse of the Year would be decided in the Classic in the 28th Breeders’ Cup. Goldikova tried to win the Mile for the fourth consecutive year. Smith also tied Jerry Bailey for all-time Breeders’ Cup victories with 15.
November 5, 2012, Mandy Pope of Whisper Hill Farm paid $10 million for 2011 Horse of the Year Harve de Grace at the Fasig-Tipton November Sale in Lexington. Pope said the purchase was a once in a lifetime, long term investment with hopes of selling her off-spring. The price was the third highest price for a broodmare at public auction. There was $14 million for Better than Honour in 2008 and $10.5 million for Playful Act (IRE) in 2007.
November 5, 2013, Senator Rand Paul acknowledged through a spokesperson that he made mistakes in crediting sources and that he would set up a new system for vetting his work. This came after a steady stream of allegations that he copied the works of others in his books, speeches and his written articles.
November 5, 2013, forty protestors said they are bound by their faith to oppose the Bluegrass Pipeline project in a rally on Capitol Hill. The protestors also delivered a petition with 36,250 names opposing the 24 inch diameter pipeline that runs 150 miles from Bracken County to Breckinridge County.
Saturday, November 5, 2016, the 33rd Breeders’ Cup World Championships ended on Saturday with nine races, all with year-end championship implications. 72,811 fans packed Santa Anita Park in Arcadia, California, a new record for Saturday since the event expanded to two days. In the Classic, Dubai World Cup (G1) winner California Chrome was sent off as the 9-10 favorite in the field of nine over 8-5 Arrogate and 8-1 Frosted.
November 5, 2017, House Speaker Jeff Hoover resigns his leadership position after acknowledging he settled sexual harassment claims from one of his staffers. Hoover denies sexually harassing the staff member, but said he sent inappropriate text messages that were consensual.
November 5, 2019, Governor Andy Beshear defeats Governor Matt Bevin to become Kentucky’s 63rd Governor. Beshear campaigned on day one he would disband the Kentucky Board of Education and replace them with what he claims would be individuals who care more about children than pushing charter schools.