TODAY IN KENTUCKY HISTORY

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On October 30, 1870, Robert Fox, an elderly mortician, his brother Samuel and a business partner, Horace Pearce, created the first rebellious civil right act in Kentucky, which was later heard in court.  They entered into a near-empty trolley car at Tenth and Walnut on the Central Passenger line outside the Quinn Chapel in Louisville.  For black city dwellers, riding a trolley was no ordinary act.  It was a challenge to the entire social order.  Before long, a cluster of white drivers surrounded the three black men and began kicking them and shouting racial slurs.  Then they dragged them off the trolley into the street.  A crowd seemed ready to erupt in violence just as three police officers arrived on the scene.  The officers quickly arrested the three men for disorderly conduct and hauled them off to jail.  They eventually won in a federal court, but the civil rights battle had just begun.

LouisvilleStreetcar1900 1

Localtonians wishes a Happy Birthday to Perryville native Elizabeth Madox Roberts born in 1881.  Elizabeth was an author whose novels and stories were set in Central Kentucky’s Washington County.  Her works included: The Time of Man (1926), “My Heart and My Flesh,” The Great Meadow (1930) and A Buried Treasure (1931).  Robert Penn Warren called “The Time of Man” a classic; the eminent Southern critic and Southern Review editor, Lewis P. Simpson, counted her among the half dozen major Southern renascence writers.

Localtonians wishes a Happy Birthday to Louisville native Florence Katherine Shoemaker Thompson Riney born in 1892.  Sheriff Riney was the first female sheriff in the United States of America to carry out an execution.  Rainey Bethea, the last man to be publicly executed in the U.S., was convicted of rape and sentenced to death by hanging in Daviess County.  It was Florence’s job to see the execution through.

October 30, 1894, Portland native Mary Millicent Miller passed away in her hometown.  Mary was the first American woman to acquire a steamboat master’s license.  When Miller applied for a license the New Orleans Inspector of Hulls office was unsure if it could license a woman.  They believed it was improper for a woman to hold such a position and did not render a decision for eight months.  Finally they sent her application to the Secretary of the Treasury in Washington, D.C.  Upon receiving her application Secretary Charles J. Folger was equally bewildered and to which he asked “has Mrs. Miller a husband living?”  In January 1884 Secretary Folger rendered his decision and telegraphed the New Orleans office that “Mrs. Miller should be granted her license if she were fit for performing the duties required, without regard to her sex.”

October 30, 1899, the Carnegie Corporation of New York awarded the city of Newport $26,500 to construct a new library at 401 Monmouth Street.  Today the former Carnegie library hosts the Carnegie Hall event center.  A new library structure for Newport opened in 2004.  

October 30, 1918, Patrolman Preston Pullen, Lexington Police Department, was shot and killed while attempting to arrest a man who had just robbed a local store.  The suspect and another man had just committed the armed robbery but had been chased by the store clerk.  The suspects and the clerk exchanged shots, which caught the attention of Patrolman Pullen and another officer.  Patrolman Pullen caught one of the suspects at the corner of High and Broadway.  During the ensuing struggle he was shot in the chest and killed.  Both suspects were apprehended and charged with murder.  One was convicted of murder and sentenced to life.  He was paroled July 30, 1930.  The other suspect was convicted of robbery and malicious shooting and sentenced to 14 years.  Patrolman Pullen was survived by his wife, three daughters, two sons, brother, and three sisters.

October 30, 1951, Army PVT Leonard L. Burton from Pulaski County died fighting in the Korean War.

October 30, 1969, Air Force MSGT Clyde J. Bennett from Auburn in Logan County died fight in the Vietnam War.

Localtonians wishes a Happy Birthday to Bowling Green native Ben Bailey born in 1970.  You may know Ben by his TV game show Cash Cab.

October 30, 1971, Army SSG Darrell Hogan from Brownsville in Edmonson County died fighting in the Vietnam War.

October 30, 1974, Ali fights an undefeated George Foreman in Mai 20 Stadium, Kinshasa, Zaire, now  the Democratic Republic of the Congo.  “The Rumble in the Jungle” was one of Ali’s greatest moments.  It’s where “rope-a-dope” made its way into America’s lexicon.  Many thought Ali, at 32, was a fading star and that powerful Foreman would have his way with “The Greatest.”  But they underestimated Ali’s skills.  Ali leaned on the ropes and let Foreman punch himself out, which he did by the end of the seventh round.  In Round 8, Ali dropped Foreman with a pair of combinations, the final right hand sending the exhausted champion to the canvas.  Foreman didn’t get up in time, and Ali was again world heavyweight champion.

October 30, 1980, Pulaski County residents, specifically the 268 who live over Sloans Valley Cave, the second-longest cavern in Kentucky and the 14th longest in the United States, voiced concern over a proposed landfill nearby.  The residents claim the landfill would pollute the wells and the cave, which is nominated as a national natural landmark.

October 30, 1982, prosecutors accused Harlan County Sherriff Paul L. Browning Jr. of lying about his military record and sex life.  Browning who was on trial in Boyle Circuit Court on two counts of conspiracy to commit murder and one count of second-degree arson, denied the accusations, which his lawyers called “character assassination.”  The 37-year-old sheriff was eventually sentenced to 10 years in prison.

October 30, 1995, Richard Frey, the straight-arrow ex-Marine who returned law and order to the Jefferson County jail system goes on trial in U.S. District Court, facing a potential lengthy prison term for alledgly taking nearly $200,000 in bribes from private prison operators.  He was found guilty in November.  It is not clear if he ended up in a private prison.

October, 30, 2003, gubernatorial hopefuls Ben Chandler and U.S. Representative Ernie Fletcher both cut wide swaths across the state in last minute hectic campaigning to replace Governor Patton.

October 30, 2004, the 21st Breeders’ Cup came to Texas for the first time at Lone Star Park in suburban Dallas.  The trainer and jockey combination of Todd Pletcher and John Velazquez won two races.  The four-year-old Ghostzapper capped off the day with a brilliant performance in the Classic, winning it wire-to-wire for jockey Javier Castellano and trainer Bobby Frankel.  The victory earned Ghostzapper the Horse of the Year crown.

Mile
Filly & Mare Turf

October 30, 2005, was the last night of the “World’s Largest Halloween Party” at the Louisville Zoo, a 24-year-old event that drew more than 80,000 people.

October 30, 2006, actor Joe Pesci, who shyly acknowledged he was not much of a speaker, was the featured speaker at the Breeders’ Cup kick-off luncheon held in Galt House.  He spoke about his passion for horse racing and about his horse Pesci who was recently bred to Ghostzapper.

October 30, 2008, Governor Steve Beshear announced that Kentucky would see a $294 million revenue shortfall, a tax increase or more spending cuts to an already lean state budget.  Advocates for Human Services and Education stated more cuts would be devastating.  The Commonwealth announced on the same day, the Ford Motor Company gained state approval for up to $80 million in tax breaks to refurbish the Louisville plant.  

Friday, October 30, 2015, the 32nd Breeders’ Cup World Championships was a homecoming for the ages.  For the first time, the Breeders’ Cup returned to the city where it was born, and a record crowd filled Keeneland Race Course in Lexington for the two day event.  Driven by the popularity of American Pharoah, ratings for the Breeders’ Cup Classic on NBC were the highest in 20 years.  The 32nd Breeders’ Cup was one of the most competitive renewals of the World Championships.  The 161 starters in the 13 races included 25 horses from overseas, 39 winners of Breeders’ Cup Challenge races, and had 120 Grade/Group 1 wins among them.  Four races were held on this day and nine races the next day, Saturday.

Juvenile Turf
Juvenile Fillies Turf
Dirt Mile
Distaff

October 30, 2018, U.S. Rep. Any Barr and Democratic challenger Amy McGrath exchanged sharp jabs on several topics at their first and only debate a week before the election.