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On October 1, 1779, Simon Girty and Alexander McKee, working for the British, lead a large force of Native Americans and ambushed American forces in present-day Northern Kentucky during the American Revolution. The Americans were returning from an expedition to New Orleans. The ambush occurred near Dayton, Kentucky, across the Ohio River from Cincinnati. Only a handful of the Americans survived.
On October 1, 1788, Shawnees attacked John Filson, his friends and family were never able to locate his body. John Filson helped bring waves of settlers to Kentucky, created the frontier legend of Daniel Boone, and was one of Cincinnati’s founders. The prestigious Filson Historical Society, which collects, preserves and tells the significant stories of Kentucky and Ohio Valley history, is named in his honor. He is considered Kentucky’s first historian.
October 1, 1794, the first post office was established in Kentucky. Innes B. Brent was the Post Master. Both the post office and jail was in the two-story log building.
The Squire’ Sketches of Lexington by J. Winston Coleman, Jr.; pg: 22
October 1, 1838, is the date for “a list showing the names, ages, and a tribe of each student in the Choctaw Academy in Scott County.” Under the treaty of Dancing Rabbit Creek, signed in 1825, the academy was established to educate young Native Americans.
October 1, 1866, Kentucky University President, John B. Bowman, purchased Henry Clay’s former estate, Ashland, and the adjacent Woodland Farm (Woodland Park) to establish the A&M College. The A&M College was by law a secular state school and opened with 190 students. Courses were offered in the sciences and liberal arts.
October 1, 1899, Town Marshal Joseph Kirk, Inez Police Department, was shot and killed while attempting to serve a warrant on a man. The subject had fired two shots at a man in town the previous day. Marshal Kirk went to the man’s residence to arrest him, but he wasn’t there. As he returned to town, he encountered the man and told him he was under arrest, at which point the man raised his Winchester rifle and fatally shot Marshal Kirk. The suspect was convicted of murder and sentenced to prison. In 1902 he was pardoned by Governor J.C.W. Beckham. His wife and two children survived marshal Kirk at the age of forty-one.
October 1, 1902, Churchill Down’s financial problems continued to plague the racetrack and finally a group headed by Louisville Mayor Charles Grainger (1901-1905), Charlie Price and Matt J. Winn agreed to take over the operation. The takeover was done by amending the track’s articles of incorporation with no transfer of a deed. Grainger was named president, Price racing secretary and Winn vice president. Under this administration, the track finally showed its first profit in 1903, twenty-eight years after its founding.
October 1, 1913, City Marshal John C. Coomer, Burnside Police Department, succumbed to a gunshot wound sustained six weeks earlier when he was shot in the back of the neck after arresting a drunk man at the railroad station. Marshal Coomer was 52-years-old and survived by his wife and eight children.
October 1 , 1921, Coach William Juneau’s Wildcats opened up their season by shutting out Kentucky Wesleyan 68-0. The Cats would shutout four different opponents on the year. They would end with a 4-3-1 record.
October 1, 1956, 24-year-old American jockey Johnny Heckmann becomes the first to ride seven winners on the same card. He won Hawthorne’s daily double, paying $141.20 for a $2.00 ticket. Johnny sat out the third race and won the fourth race. In the fifth race, he couldn’t find the board. When Johnny won the sixth race, excitement mounted and when he won the seventh race, the fans became hysterical. Johnny won the eighth race by a neck and the ninth race by a head, on the favorite.
October 1, 1956, President Dwight D. Eisenhower shook hands with Lexington Police Chief E.C. Hale, while in Lexington as part of the President’s re-election campaign. After being met at the airport by Kentucky Governor Happy Chandler, the President’s car rode through downtown in a parade. He later gave a speech at Memorial Coliseum at the University of Kentucky. During Hale’s time as police chief from 1953 to 1972, he helped keep Lexington’s racial tensions from turning violent.
October 1, 1975, the second rematch with Frazier is called the “Thrilla in Manila” and part of the pre-fight hype includes Ali calling Frazier a gorilla. Ali wins when Frazier is unable to come out for the 15th and final round. The temperature approached 100 degrees (38 C) and Ali describes the fight as the closest he had come to death.
October 1, 1977, unranked Kentucky, in their best season since the modern era, beats 4th ranked Penn State in Beaver Stadium to go 3-1. Kentucky was down 0-10 in the 1st quarter. That is when Dallas Owens, a Lafayette General standout, intercepted a pass for a pick-six. Not only did it turn around the game but Coach Curci stated that it turned around the entire season. This would make the second year in a row an unranked Kentucky team would beat a ranked Penn St. Kentucky would finish with a 10-1 record.
October 1, 1980, Trooper Jerome Scott Clifton, Kentucky State Police, succumbed to a gunshot wound of the leg that he received two weeks earlier while attempting to rescue hostages from a crazed gunman. The suspect was sentenced to prison but had the conviction overturned. During a second trial he was sentenced to 20 years and released due to time served. The man died from illness in 2004. Trooper Clifton was 30-years-old and survived by his wife and two daughters.
October 1, 1995, more than 47,000 music fans join favorites in both the country and rock genres to aid America’s family farmers as Louisville played host to the 10th Anniversary Farm Aid concert in Louisville’s Cardinal Stadium. Willie Nelson was joined by fellow co-founders John Mellencamp, John Conlee and Neil Young, along with musical greats such as Hootie and the Blowfish, the Dave Matthews Band and Steve Earle, making for an extremely diverse and enjoyable seven-hour block party concert. Each artist donated their time, talents, transportation and lodging to help America’s farmers.
October 1, 2003, Dave Embry, 69-years-old, told the public defender and his family that he didn’t want to leave prison. Embry, who was mentally challenged, had been imprisoned 51 years, longer than all but five inmates in the U.S. He was convicted at 18-years-old for the double murder of a Butler County farmer and his wife. He lived in a section of Kentucky State Reformatory set aside for inmates with psychiatric problems.